How did Turquoise get its name?
The origin of the name Turquoise comes from the Greek word “Turkois” meaning “Turkish”. So named because it was first brought from Turkey.
What is the colour of Turquoise?
Turquoise is an opaque, light to dark blue or blue-green gem with its finest colour being an intense blue. Turquoise may contain narrow veins of other materials either isolated or as a network. They are usually black, brown, or yellowish-brown. Known as the matrix, these veins of colour are sometimes in the form of an intricate pattern which is called a spider web.
Where is Turquoise Sourced?
For thousands of years the finest intense blue turquoise in the world were found in Persia. The term “Persian Turquoise” became synonymous with the finest quality. During the late 1800’s and early 1900’s miners discovered significant deposits of high-quality turquoise in the western and southwestern United States. Material from many of these deposits was just as fine as the finest “Persian.” Today, the term “Persian Turquoise” is more often a definition of quality than a statement of origin. The majority of the world’s finest-quality turquoise now comes from the United States.
What is the hardness of Turquoise?
Turquoise is a 5-7 on the Mohs scale or hardness. (Slightly harder than window glass)
What are some interesting facts about Turquoise?
The colour is mainly determined and caused by the gem’s selective absorption of certain wavelengths of light. These are called the body colour.
Turquoise was a popular gemstone used in jewellery in Victorian times.
Turquoise birthstone signifies good fortune, success, wealth and joy.